Dasara festival & devi puja -ದಸರಾ ಮತ್ತು ದೇವಿ ಉಪಾಸನೆ(ನವರಾತ್ರಿ ವಿಶೇಷ 1 )

Hello my dear reader friends,

Wish you all a very happy Dasara..ದಸರಾ ಹಬ್ಬದ ಶುಭಾಶಯಗಳು…..!!

Whenever I hear about dasara I can recall few things like, ‘Mysore Dasara’, GombegaLa habba, Gombe baagina, Durga puja in West Bengal, arrangement of dolls etc.. I can also recall my uncle (sodara maava) who used to grow tene or crop using raagi, methi etc in a small tray in sand/mud few days before dasara… I think everyone reading this article would have heard the famous song ‘Mysooru dasara yeshtondu sundara chellide nageya panneeera, ellellu nageyaa panneera—ಮೈಸೂರು  ದಸರಾ  ಎಷ್ಟೊಂದು  ಸುಂದರ  ಚೆಲ್ಲಿದೆ  ನಗೆಯ  ಪನ್ನೀರ , ಎಲ್ಲೆಲ್ಲು  ನಗೆಯಾ  ಪನ್ನೀರ ‘ from the movie ‘karuLina kare’…

ಭಾದ್ರಪದ ಮಾಸದಲ್ಲಿ ಬರುವ ಕಡೆಯ ಹಬ್ಬ ಅನಂತ ಪದ್ಮನಾಭ ವ್ರತ.. ನಂತರ ಪಿತೃಪಕ್ಷದ ಕಡೆಯ ದಿನ ಮಹಾಲಯ ಅಮಾವಾಸ್ಯೆ.. ನಂತರ ಪಾಡ್ಯದಂದು ಶುರುವಾಗುವುದೇ ನವರಾತ್ರಿ ಅಥವಾ ದಸರಾ(ಆಶ್ವಯುಜ ಮಾಸದ ಮೊದಲ ದಿನ).. Sharannavarathri or ಶರನ್ನವರಾತ್ರಿ or Dasara starts from the Paadya day of Ashwayuja maasa(ಆಶ್ವಯುಜ)… Here ‘Nava’ means nine and ‘Raathri’ means nights.. All the 9 days are dedicated to the worship of divine mother Goddess Durga…

ದೇವಿಯು ಸರ್ವಶಕ್ತಿ ಸ್ವರೂಪಿಣಿ.. ಸೃಷ್ಟಿ, ಸ್ಥಿತಿ, ಲಯಗಳ ಕಾರಣೀಭೂತಳು.. ಆಕೆಯ ಮಹಿಮೆಗಳನ್ನು ವರ್ಣಿಸುವುದು ಹುಲುಮಾನವರಾದ ನಮ್ಮಿಂದ ಸಾಧ್ಯವಾಗದ ಮಾತು. ಆದರೂ, ದೊಡ್ಡವರಿಂದ ತಿಳಿದುಕೊಂಡದ್ದು, ಸತ್ಸಂಗಗಳಿಂದ ಅರ್ಥಮಾಡಿಕೊಂಡಿದ್ದನ್ನು ಒಂದು ಪೋಸ್ಟ್ ರೂಪದಲ್ಲಿ ಬರೆಯುತ್ತಿದ್ದೇನೆ..

ಯಾದೇವಿ ಸರ್ವಭೂತೇಷು ಮಾತೃ ರೂಪೇನ ಸಂಸ್ಥಿತಾ |
ನಮಸ್ತಸ್ಯೈ ನಮಸ್ತಸ್ಯೈ ನಮಸ್ತಸ್ಯೈ ನಮೋ ನಮಃ ||

devi.jpg

Picture of ShreeDevi (Mahalakshmi) sculpture carved at Shri Siganduru Chowdeshwari temple.. There are other sculptures also depicting Nava durgas(shaktis)

Significance and Importance ::

Worshipping Goddess Durga & different kinds of Alankaaras/decoration to the Goddess ::

I have heard from my father that, Shakthi or Devi or mainly feminine divine power is worshipped in navarathri, each day having it’s own significance… You can go to whichever temple in Bangalore/Karnataka during these days, you can find different alankaaras or decoration to Goddesses with best attires , performed with great bhakthi to Goddesses… It could be arishina-kumkuma alankara, Chandana alankara, alankaara using dry fruits, Kavade alankara, HoovugaLa/Moggina alankaara,Muttina(white pearls) alankaara, Coins(NaaNya) alankaara, DaaLimbe or Pomagranate alankaara, in addition to these we can also see Goddess durga in Saraswathi alankara or AnnapoorNeshwari alankaaras and many more to name a few .. Also as we know Shree Devi/Bhairavi/KaaLi/Durga is the combination of Goddess Lakshmi, Goddess Saraswathi and Goddess Parvathi known as Maha-Lakshmi, Maha-KaaLi, Maha-Saraswathi whose combined super-power killed the demon ‘Mahishaasura’ on the Vijayadashami day(Last day of navarathri).. also this is the day when Lord Rama killed Raavana.. So , this marks celebration and the triumph of Good over the evil…..

Different Avataras of Goddess :  Each day signifies different avataras of Goddess Durga/Shakthi. like:-  Braahmi, Maaheshwari, Kaumaari, Vaaraahi, Vaishnavi, Mahendri, Saraswathi, Chaamundi,Durga etc.. It is said that 3 days each dedicated to Parvathi, Saraswathi and Lakshmi goddesses. Other names are :: Shailaputri, Bhrahmachaarini,Chandraganta,Kooshmaanda, skandamaata, kaatyayani, kaaLaraathri, Mahaa Gouri, Siddhidaatri (ಶೈಲಪುತ್ರಿ , ಬ್ರಹ್ಮಚಾರಿಣಿ ,ಚಂದ್ರಘಂಟ, ಕೂಷ್ಮಾಂಡ , ಸ್ಕಂದಮಾತ , ಕಾತ್ಯಾಯನಿ , ಕಾಳರಾತ್ರಿ , ಮಹಾ ಗೌರಿ , ಸಿದ್ಧಿದಾತ್ರಿ ).

Arrangement of Dolls or Golu or Kolu ( Called in tamil by our iyengar friends) ::
In most of the homes in karnataka, we arrange dolls either starting from PaaDya day of sharannavarathri or from Saraswathi pooja(in our home).. I have heard from my grandmom that when Goddess Durga was killing demon ‘Mahishaasura ‘, all the other Gods and Goddesses(Including the trimurthis) stood silent just watching the war.. So inorder to represent that we place dolls and worship the Goddess and dolls.. We also keep ‘Pattada bombe’- a couple (man and his wife) or bombe made out of wood dressed up with various costumes 🙂

Saraswathi Pooja ::

On the Sapthami day that is 7th day of Navarathri, Saraswathi Pooja is performed.. In Hindu Culture, Goddess Saraswathi/Sharada Devi/Sringeri Sharadaamba is regarded as the mother of Knowledge and Wisdom (Learning).. We suddenly recall Shringeri Sharadaamba when we think of Goddess Saraswathi.. I have also heard from one of my colleague that there is a place named Basar(or Basara) in Telangaana which is very famous for Goddess Saraswathi temple and their family used to visit the place often…

On this day, books are placed in front of the Goddess Saraswathi and worshipped with devotion.. A sweet called yeriyappa or Sweet dosa ( Combination of Rice, Cardamom and Jaggery) is prepared as neivedya on this day and distributed among children who are invited (Bombe baagina)..

Durgaashtami:: (8th day of Navarathri)

On this day worshipping the Goddess Devi in her Durga avataara(form).. Usually we prepare ambode on this day and distribute among children as bombe baagina…Some families perform astra pooja /tools worship on this day and observe fasting..

Aayudha pooja/Mahaanavami (ಆಯುಧ ಪೂಜಾ ಅಥವಾ ಮಹಾನವಮಿ/ಮಾರ್ನವಮಿ –9th day of Navarathri):

‘ಆಯುಧ’/aayudha means astra or tools used in everyday life.. In Hindu culture, God is seen in each and every living being as well as non-living things.. During aayudha pooja, worship is performed not only to the Goddesses , but also to the tools used everyday like cycle,bike, van(all kinds of vehicles) using arishina, kumkuma, flowers etc, including electrical and electronic instruments at home… The reason behind is as said above and also another reason is the Goddess Shri Devi/Durga maa used so many weapons to kill the evil/demon Mahishasura.. Hence it is also worship to signify the same… also it means the driving force behind each and everything is God..

Bombe/Gombe Baagina::
Like other baaginas, during dasara too, small children are invited and sweets and savouries/snacks are distributed at home.. We used to enjoy eating coconut burfi, sweet kadale hittu, kodubale, chakkuli, sweet dosa or Yeriyappa, ambode and many other varities of snacks during our childhood.. 🙂 All the ladies are also invited to give away tambula- containing veelyadele, adike, blouse piece, arisina-kumkuma, coconut, fruits etc…

Today I am sharing with you lyrics of Shri Devi Stotra which we can recite during Navarathri for Goddess Devi(Shakti or Sangama of shri lakshmi,Saraswathi and Parvathi)

ಜಯಂಬಿಕೇ ಜಗನ್ಮಾತರ್ಜಯ ಸರ್ವಜಗನ್ಮಯಿ |
ಜಯಾನವಧಿಕೈಶ್ವರ್ಯೇ ಜಯಾನುಪಮವಿಗ್ರಹೆ ||

ಜಯ ವಾಜ್ಮನ ಸಾತೀತೆ ಜಯ ಚಿದ್ವ್ರಾಂತ ಭಂಜಿಕೆ|
ಜಯ ಜನ್ಮ ಜರಾಹೇನೆ ಜಯ ಕಾಲೋತ್ತರೋತ್ತಾರೆ ||

ಜಯಾನೆಕ ವಿಧಾನಸ್ಥೆ ಜಯ ವಿಶ್ವೆಶ್ವರಪ್ರಿಯೇ |
ಜಯ ವಿಶ್ವ ಸುರಾರಾಧ್ಯೆ ಜಯ ವಿಶ್ವ ವಿಜ್ರುoಭಿಣಿ ||

ಜಯ ಮಂಗಳ ದಿವ್ಯಾಂಗಿ ಜಯ ಮಂಗಳ ದೀಪಿಕೆ |
ಜಯ ಮಂಗಳ ಚಾರಿತ್ರ್ಯೇ ಜಯ ಮಂಗಳ ದಾಯಿನೀ||

ನಮಃ ಪರಮ ಕಲ್ಯಾಣ ಗುಣ ಸಂಚಯ ಮೂರ್ತಯೇ |
ತ್ವತ್ತಹ ಖಲು ಸಮುತ್ಪನ್ನಮ್ ಜಗತ್ವಯೇ ವಲೀಯತೆ||

ತ್ವದ್ವಿ ನಾಕಃ ಫಲಂ ದಾತುಮಿಶ್ವರೂಪಿ ನ ಶಕ್ನುಯಾತ್ |

ಜನ್ಮ ಪ್ರಭೃತಿ ದೆವೇಶಿ ಜನೋಯಂ ತ್ವದುಪಾಶ್ರಿತ: |
ಅತೊಸ್ಯ ತವ ಭಕ್ತವ್ಯ ನಿರ್ವರ್ತಯ ಮನೋರಥಂ ||

|| ಶ್ರೀ ದೇವಿ ಸ್ತೋತ್ರಂ ಸಂಪೂರ್ಣಂ ||

Note :: Dear readers, I have typed this stotra myself manually, which I used to recite since my childhood taught by my father.. If, by chance there is any typo error you find or in the letters while pronunciation, please drop me a note so that I will rectify the same..

Thanks in advance.. Hope this is helpful to you as well  🙂

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